Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

Ocean Life, Planet Health

Benjamin Twining

081204_Twiningforweb.jpgSenior Research Scientist
Director of Research and Education
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
60 Bigelow Drive
PO Box 380
East Boothbay, ME   04544
Phone: 207 315 2567 x309

Curriculum Vitae

Twining CV

Research Interests

I am interested in the interactions between metals and planktonic organisms in marine and aquatic environments.  Plankton play important roles in the global carbon cycle and form the base of most aquatic food webs.  In many systems, the physiology and ecology of these organisms are influenced by the concentration, chemical speciation, and resulting bioavailability of trace metals such as Fe, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd and Hg.  Conversely, biological processes such as cellular uptake and the production of organic ligands influence the geochemistry and fate of metals in these systems.  We utilize state-of-the-art analytical tools such as synchrotron x-ray fluorescence microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and voltammetry to address questions of metal speciation, bioavailability, accumulation, trophic transfer, recycling and biogeochemistry in varied aquatic and marine systems.

Selected publications

Twining, B.S., S.D. Nodder, A.L. King, D.A. Hutchins, G.R. LeCleir, J.M. DeBruyn, E.W. Maas, S. Vogt, S.W. Wilhelm, and P.W. Boyd. 2014. Differential remineralization of major and trace elements in sinking diatoms. Limnology & Oceanography. 59: 689-704.

Ingall, E.D., J.M. Diaz, A.F. Longo, M. Oakes, L. Finney, S. Vogt, B. Lai, P.L. Yager, B.S. Twining, and J.A. Brandes. 2013. Role of biogenic silica in the removal of iron from Antarctic Seas. Nature Communications. 4: 1981, doi: 10.1038/ncomms2981.

Twining, B.S., and S.B. Baines. 2013. The trace metal composition of marine phytoplankton. Annual Review of Marine Science. 5: 191-215.

Twining, B.S., S.B. Baines, S. Vogt, and D.M. Nelson. 2012. Role of diatoms in nickel biogeochemistry in the Pacific Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 26: doi: 10.1029/2011GB004233.

Boyd, P.W., R. Strzepek, S. Chiswell, H. Chang, J.M. DeBruyn, M. Ellwood, S. Keenan, A.L. King, E.W. Maas, S. Nodder, S.G. Sander, P. Sutton, B.S. Twining, S.W. Wilhelm, and D.A. Hutchins. 2012. Microbial control of diatom bloom dynamics in the open ocean. Geophysical Research Letters. 39: doi: 10.1029/2012GL053448.

Nuester, J., S. Vogt, M. Newville, A. B. Kustka, and B.S. Twining. 2012. The unique biogeochemical signature of the marine diazotroph Trichodesmium. Frontiers in Microbiology. 3: 1-15 (doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00150).

Lin, H., and B.S. Twining. 2012. Chemical speciation of iron in Antarctic waters surrounding free-drifting icebergs. Marine Chemistry. 128-129: 81-91.

Twining, B.S., S.B. Baines, J.B. Bozard, S. Vogt, E.A. Walker, and D.M. Nelson. 2011. Metal quotas of plankton in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.08.018.

Baines, S.B., B.S. Twining, M.A. Brzezinski, D.M. Nelson, and N.S. Fisher. 2010. The causes and biogeochemical implications of regional differences in silicification of marine diatoms. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. doi: 10.1029/2010GB003856.

De Jonge, M.D., C. Holzner, S.B. Baines, B.S. Twining, K. Ignatyev, J. Diaz, D.L. Howard, A. Miceli, I. McNulty, C.J. Jacobsen, S. Vogt. 2010. Quantitative 3-D elemental microtomography of diatom Cyclotella meneghiniana. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107: 15676-15680 (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1001469107).

Twining, B.S., S.B. Baines, S. Vogt, and M. D. de Jonge. 2008. Exploring ocean biogeochemistry by single-cell microprobe analysis of protist elemental composition.  Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology. 55: 151-162.

Hochella, M.F., Jr., S.K. Lower, P.A. Maurice, R.L. Penn, N. Sahai, D.L. Sparks, and B.S. Twining. 2008. Nanominerals, mineral nanoparticles, and earth systems. Science. 319: 1631-1635.

Smith, K.L., B.H. Robison, J.J. Helly, R.S. Kaufmann, H.A. Ruhl, T.J. Shaw, B.S. Twining, and M. Vernet. 2007. Free-drifting icebergs: Hotspots of chemical and biological enrichment in the Weddell Sea. Science. 317: 478-482.

Twining, B.S., S.E. Mylon, and G. Benoit. 2007. Potential role of copper availability in nitrous oxide accumulation in a temperate lake. Limnology and Oceanography. 52: 1354-1366.

Twining, B.S., S.B. Baines, N.S. Fisher, and M.R. Landry. 2004. Cellular iron contents of plankton during the Southern Ocean Iron Experiment (SOFeX). Deep-Sea Research I. 51: 1827-1850.

Twining, B.S., S.B. Baines, and N.S. Fisher. 2004. Element stoichiometries of individual plankton cells collected during the Southern Ocean Iron Experiment (SOFeX). Limnology and Oceanography. 49: 2115-2128.

Coale, K.H., K.S. Johnson, F.P. Chavez, K.O. Buesseler, R.T. Barber, M.A. Brzezinski, W.P. Cochlan, F.J. Millero, P.G. Falkowski, J.E. Bauer, R.H. Wanninkhof, R.M. Kudela, M.A. Altabet, B.E. Hales, T. Takahashi, M.R. Landry, R.R. Bidigare, X. Wang, Z. Chase, P.G. Strutton, G.E. Friederich, M.Y. Gorbunov, V.P. Lance, A.K. Hilting, M.R. Hiscock, M. Demerest, W.T. Hiscock, K.F. Sullivan, S.J. Tanner, R.M. Gordon, C.N. Hunter, V.A. Elrod, S.E. Fitzwater, J.L. Jones, S. Tozzi, M. Koblizek, A.E. Roberts, J. Herndon, J. Brewster, N. Ladizinsky, G. Smith, D. Cooper, D. Timothy, S.L. Brown, K.E. Selph, C.C. Sheridan, B.S. Twining, and Z.I. Johnson. 2004. Southern Ocean Iron Enrichment Experiment (SOFeX): Carbon cycling in high- and low-Si waters. Science. 304: 408-414.

Twining, B.S., S.B. Baines, N.S. Fisher, J. Maser, S. Vogt, C. Jacobsen, A. Tovar-Sanchez, S. Sañudo-Wilhelmy. 2003. Quantifying trace elements in individual aquatic protist cells with a synchrotron x-ray fluorescence microprobe. Analytical Chemistry. 75: 3806-3816.

The Twining Laboratory